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Aleppo

Aleppo, located in northwestern Syria 310 kilometres from Damascus, is the largest city in Syria. It is also one of the largest cities in the Levant. For centuries, Aleppo was Greater Syria’s largest city and the Ottoman Empire’s third, after İstanbul and Cairo. It has been inhabited since perhaps as early as the 6th millennium BC. Such a long history is probably due to being a strategic trading point midway between the Mediterranean Sea and Mesopotamia. The city’s significance in history has been its location at the end of the Silk Road, which passed through central Asia and Mesopotamia.

Aleppo

Amman

Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan. It is the country’s political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Amman was named one of the MENA‘s best cities according to economic, labour, environmental, and socio-cultural factors. In the 13th century BC Amman was called Rabbath Ammon or Rabat Amon by the Ammonites. In the Hebrew Bible, it is referred to as Rabbat ʿAmmon. It was later conquered by the Assyrians, followed by the Persians, and then theMacedonians. Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Macedonian ruler of Egypt, renamed it Philadelphia. The city became part of the Nabateaen kingdom until 106 AD when Philadelphia came under Roman control and joined the Decapolis.

Amman

Hagia Sofia

Hagia Sophia (Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931, when it was secularized. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.

Hagia Sofia

Turkey West

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Turkey West

Istanbul

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey. Founded on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BC as Byzantium, the city now known as Istanbul developed to become one of the most significant cities in history. For nearly sixteen centuries following its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 AD, it served as the capital of four empires: the Roman Empire (330–395), the Byzantine Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922) The city’s biggest draw remains its historic center, partially listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Istanbul